Type of Oil for Ford F150: Complete Guide With Capacities (2021-2004)

The Ford F150 is one of the most popular pickup trucks on the market.

Every car needs to change its engine every 3 months or every 3,000 miles, whichever comes first.

The Ford F150 requires SAE 5W-30 for all engines except the 3.3L Ti-VCT V6 engine which takes SAE 5-W20 in the base XL and XLT trim.

Ford does recommend that a different type of engine oil is recommended when your truck is operating at temperatures below -30C (-22F).

See the table below for the recommended oil type for Ford F150 by engine.

EngineOil TypeOil Type
(below -29C/-22F)
Oil Capacity
2.7L EcoBoost V65W-300W-306.0 quarts
3.0L Power Stroke
Turbo Deisel
5W-300W-40 CK-46.5 quarts
3.3L Ti-VCT V6 Engine5W-200W-206.0 quarts
3.5L EcoBoost V65W-300W-306.0 quarts
3.5L PowerBoost
Full Hybrid V6
5W-300W-306.0 quarts
5.0L Ti-VCT V8 Engine5W-300W-307.75 quarts
Oil Type for Ford F150 2021 by engine

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Not looking for 2021? Need another year?

Below is a link to information for each year that provides oil types, capacities, and types of filters used for each year.

You may also like: How long can you go without an oil change before it’s too late?

type of oil for ford f150

How do I know what engine I have?

You can always check under your hood and locate your engine. It should specify somewhere on the engine or the engine cap to identify which engine you have.

Similarly, some engines also list the recommended oil type.

The Ford F150 has 8 different versions and each come with their own base engine.

If you bought the car stock without any upgrades or modifications, find your model below.

Ford F150 ModelEngine
XL3.3L Ti-VCT V6 Engine
XLT3.3L Ti-VCT V6 Engine
LARIAT2.7L EcoBoost V6
King Ranch (R)5.0L Ti-VCT V8 Engine
Platinum5.0L Ti-VCT V8 Engine
Limited 3.5L EcoBoost V6
Tremor (R) 3.5L EcoBoost V6
Raptor 3.5L EcoBoost V6
Engine type for base Ford F150 model 2021

If you have a different engine you will need to find out what engine you have.

You can do this by entering your VIN on this site on Autozone.

Ford makes it a point to mention that Motorcraft synthetic or Super Premium engine oil is best for your Ford F150.

If Motorcraft is unavailable, using synthetic oil that meets the recommended viscosity grade and meets API SP requirements and has the API Certification Mark should do the trick.

2.7L EcoBoost V6

This engine is only offered in the base model of the LARIAT and optional upgrades on the XL and XLT.

It is a 325 horsepower port-fuel and direct injection (PFDI) system and has 400 lb-ft of torque.

The 2.7 L EcoBoost engine has a capacity of 6 quarts. For most cases it requires 5W-30 engine oil.

However, there are limitations for the 5W-30 for extremely cold temperatures. If your Ford F150 is going to be used less than -29 C (-20F), you will need SAE 0W-30.

3.0L PowerStroke Turbo Diesel V6

This engine is the only Diesel engine offered in the Ford F150 family.

It has a max towing of 12,1000 lbs with 250 horsepower and 440 lb-ft of torque.

It is not offered in any of the base model F150s but is available as an upgrade on the Platinum, King Ranch, LARIAT, XLT, and XL models.

The recommended oil type for the 2.0L Diesel engine is SAE 5W-30.

For operating temperatures below -29C (-20F) SAE 0W-40 CK-4 should be used.

This engine has a capacity of 6.5 quarts.

3.3L Ti-VCT V6

Ti-VCT stands for twin independent variable cam timing with opens and closes engine valves at optimal times for operating conditions.

It is a V6 engine which has 260 horsepower and 265 lb-ft of torque.

It is included in the XLT and XL base model and is not offered in any other variety.

The 3.3L engine requires an oil type of SAE 5W-20 with a 6 quart capacity.

Operating this engine below -29C (-22F) requires the use of SAE 0W-20 instead.

3.5L EcoBoost V6

The 3.5L EcoBoost is a larger version of the 2.7L V6 engine above. It has a 10 speed transmission with a 400 horsepower and 500 lb-ft torque rating.

Its tow rating can be up to 14,000 lbs.

The 3.5L EcoBoost is a twin-turbo engine that has 450 horsepower and 510 lb-ft of torque.

It is the base model on the Ford F150 Raptor, Tremor, & Limited.

It is also available as optional upgrades to the Platinum, King Ranch, Lariat, XLT, & XL.

The EcoBoost 3.5L engine used SAE 5W-30 oil with a 6 quart capacity.

For temperatures below -29C(-22F) SAE 0W-30 is required.

3.5L PowerBoost Full Hybrid V6

This hybrid vehicle uses both gas and electric power to fuel its 420 horsepower and 570 lb-ft of torque. Its towing capacity can be up to 12,700 lbs making it the best hybrid engine for towing.

It is available in the Limited, Platinum, King Ranch, LARIAT, XLT, and XL models.

Hybrid vehicles still need engine oil and the 3.5L hybrid engine in the F150 needs SAE 5W-30 oil.

It has a capacity of 6 quarts.

Below -29C(-22F) SAE 0W-30 needs to be used.

5.0L Ti-VCT V8

This engine is the largest engine of the F150 family needing an oil volume of 7.75 quarts.

Though it is the largest engine it delivers 400 horsepower and 410 lb-ft of torque, similar to other engine types.

It is provided as the base engine in the Platinum and King Ranch models, but is available in the LARIAT, XLT, and XL.

The standard 5.0L engine on the F150 needs SAE 5W-30 oil.

For the low temperatures -29C(-22F) SAE 0W-30 is needed.

What do different oil types mean?

SAE is the Society of Automotive Engineers. They created a code that reports the viscosity of various oils. It ranges from 5 to 50 for transmission oils (Britannica).

The lower numbers indicate a less viscous fluid while the high number more.

For those unfamiliar, viscosity refers to the fluidity of a liquid. A more viscous fluid is thicker (like glue) and less viscous fluids are thinner and move more quickly like water.

The number before the “W” refers to the ease of flowing at low temperatures. A 5W oil flows more easily than a 10W oil does at low temperatures.

The number following the “-” refers to the viscosity of the oil at regular operating temperatures (Valvoline).

Why do you need engine oil?

Without getting into too many details, engine oil is required to reduce friction within the moving parts of your engine (such as your pistols).

Oil provides a barrier between parts in your engine to keep your car from overheating or stripping away.

Over time the oil in your engine becomes thick and it needs to be replaced to prevent serious damage or complete failure to your truck.

Changing your oil every 3000-5000 miles (or about every 3 months) is a good idea to keep your truck running in optimal performance (Firestone).

You may also like: How long can you go without an oil change before it’s too late?

What happens if you put in the wrong type of oil?

What would be considered the “wrong type of oil”?

Using a different oil than is specified in the manual would be incorrect.

This means using any different oil rating than mentioned above.

You may be wondering if any oils are interchangeable and generally speaking the answer is no.

The Ford F150 2021 manual states that there are many risks to using the incorrect oil type.

Unfortunately at the worst, your entire engine could fail. Any damage that can be tracked from this error will likely warrant the warranty.

On the less severe side, your engine could weaken your performance, reduce fuel efficiency and increase emissions.

Ford also says that your car may no longer be under warranty if you cause engine damage from using supplemental engine oil additives. Avoid using oil additives on your F150.

How to change oil in a Ford F150

This video should help you if you are thinking of changing the oil in your Ford F150.

I highly recommend learning to change your own oil because it can save you hundreds a year!

Check out this video!

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Don’t forget to buy your oil (and Filter) Today!

Oil Type for Previous Years of Ford F150

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